The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) database reports the age-standardized death rates by cause and risk factors for any given year.
It is important to understand the distinction between risk factors and causes of deaths. Causes of deaths are defined by the OECD as: "the underlying cause of death refers to the disease or injury that initiated the train of morbid events leading directly to death or the circumstances of the accident or violence that produced the injury." Causes of deaths therefore include particular events such as road accidents, natural disasters, drowning, HIV/AIDS, and non-communicable diseases such as diabetes, and various cancers.
Data here relates to the number of deaths from non-communicable diseases (NCDs) - that is, the cause of death rather than particular risk factors which may increase the likelihood of NCDs.
Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are further clarified as follows:
'Dementia' refers to the number of deaths attributed to Alzheimer's and other forms of dementia.
'Cardiovascular disease' refers to rheumatic and ischemic heart diseases.
'Respiratory diseases' includes deaths from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), Pneumoconiosis diseases.
'Cancers' includes all forms of cancer, also referred to in the GBD database as 'neoplasms'.
'Digestive diseases' refers to all deaths resultant from ulcer diseases, pancreatitis, gallbladder, bowel disease, gastritis and intestinal diseases.